It's a disorder of thoughts, perception,emotion and behaviour.
It is characterized by delusion and hallucination causing social and occupational impairment.
It's a chronic but treatable psychiatric disorder affecting 1% of general population.
It's seen equally in male and females usually in a age group of 15to 30 years though early and late onset psychosis are also seen.
Frank Psychotic symptoms :
Delusions : these are false illogical and irrational thoughts not keeping with reality and can't be changed even if u try to convince a patient.
Examples of delusions :
Delusion of persecution
Delusion of reference
Delusion of grandiosity.
Delusion of jealousy
these are false perceptions in absence of stimulus.
AUDITORY: : hearing voices.
VISUAL :seeing people ,image or shadow.
TACTILE : Sensations of touch.
OLFACTORY : Sensation of smell.
GUSTATORY : Sensations of taste.
EMOTIONS : emotions are visible in facial expressions called as affect. Affect is blunt in these patients as there is problem with feelings.
BEHAVIOUR : These patients are very aggressive ,abusive and at times assaultive. They may be harmful to themselves or to others.
COGNITION : It is very dull and slow as these patients can't focus as lack concentration and hence their retrieval is affected.They would have poor executive functioning and poor working memory.
Poverty of speech (mute).
Inability to have a pleasure.
Lack of initiative.
TYPES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA :
Schizophrenia requires presence of symptoms for atleast six months.
If less than six months then
0 to 1 month duration: called as brief psychiatric disorders.
1 to 6 month: called as brief Schizophrenia disorders.
BRIEF PSYCHOTIC DISORDER :
DURATION OF SYMPTOMS: 0Day To One Month
DURATION OF SYMPTOMS:one month to six months.
It's a treatable disorder and is not due to black magic.
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