Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a form of brain stimulation therapy used to treat depression and anxiety.
It is being used since 1985, the therapy involves using a magnet to target and stimulate certain areas of the brain.
The Food and Drug Administration department of US has approved rTMS as a treatment for major depression ,when other treatments applied and haven’t been effective.
The Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation is usually recommended only after medication and psychotherapy have failed to work. Doctors suggest taking at least one round of prescription of antidepressants before exploring the possibility of RTMS. Medicones and psychotherapy have to be used in combination with rTMS. Sometimes doctors use RTMS in addition to traditional treatments.
The most qualified candidates for RTMS are people with depression who haven’t had success with other medication and methods. People who aren’t in good enough health for a procedure such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) might be better candidates for RTMS.
This is true for those who have a higher risk for seizures or may not tolerate anesthesia, which is needed for ECT.
RTMS is a noninvasive procedure, sessions of RTMS typically last anywhere from a half hour to an hour. During rTMS a patient will sit or recline while an electromagnetic coil is held near his or her head. A doctor places the electromagnetic coil against the forehead near the area of the brain that regulates mood. The coil then passes magnetic pulses to a targeted part of your brain. This induces an electrical current in specific nerve cells. It’s thought that these electrical currents stimulate brain cells in a complex way that can reduce depression.The prefrontal cortex of the brain is often the region doctors choose to target for depression.
Doctors will create an individual prescription for a person when he or she comes to treatment. However, the treatment sessions lasts anywhere from 30 to 60 minutes about five times a week. The treatment duration usually lasts between four to six weeks. The number of weeks could be shorter or longer depending on the individual’s response.
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